How does an ordinary bill become an act?

The primary role of the Parliament is to discuss, debate, and pass bills. Once passed, a bill becomes an Act of Parliament. An ordinary bill can be introduced in either house — Lok Sabha or Rajya Sabha (unlike a finance bill). It then has to be approved by both houses, and signed by the President. If the two houses disagree on the bill, or if six months have passed since its receipt by the second house, the President may call a joint session to vote on it. Finally, when the Lok Sabha is dissolved, bills introduced in the Lok Sabha or pending there lapse and must be re-introduced.

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General discussion on the Bill and its underlying principle Member-in-charge asks for leave to introduce the Bill A Bill is drafted for proposal in one of the Houses Member-in-charge asks Presiding Officer permission for publishing the Bill in the Official Gazette? Member-in-charge introduces features of the Bill to the House Commitee considers the Bill and submits report to the House Bill is introduced in the House . YES NO NO YES SECOND READING FIRST READING THIRD READING Clause-by-clause consideration Amendment moved? Amendment withdrawn? 2/3 majority of those present and voting agrees? All clauses reviewed? Are the Schedules if any, first clause, the Enacting Formula, and the Long Title of the Bill adopted by the House? SECOND READING NO YES YES NO Bill passed without amendments? YES NO Public opinion obtained from States and Union Territories Clause-by-clause consideration by the Select/Joint CommitteeAmendments moved by committee members Send to theSecond Stage? Send directlyto Select/JointCommittee? FIRST STAGE SECOND STAGE YES YES YES YES YES NO NO NO NO NO Amendment put to vote Bill amended Simple majority of those present and voting agree? Is the vote a tie? Presiding Officer casts their vote Votes infavour ofthe Bill? YES NO Bill not passed Pocket Veto Member-in-charge moves the Bill to be passed Restriced debate: Arguments made in favour of and against;Only formal, verbal or consequential amendments can be moved. Bill put to vote First Houseagrees withamendments? NO NO President may summon a Joint Session of the Parliament to vote on the Bill Simple majority of those present and voting agree? YES YES Sent back to the House where the Bill was introduced. President approves the Bill? Sends it back with recommendations? YES YES Bill passed NO NO Reconsidered in the Parliament The President must give his assent The President withholds assent THIRD READING Parliamentacceptsrecommendations? YES NO House grants leave? Permissiongranted? YES NO NO YES YES Bill is published in the Official Gazette NO YES Speaker permits full discussion? NO NO Opposition due to the Bill being outside the legislative competence of the House? Speaker permitsexplanatory statementby member-in-charge and opposer of Bill? YES Full discussion about the Bill happens in the House Member-in-charge and opposer make explanatory statements YES Question is put to vote in the House House votes in favour? NO YES Bill notintroduced NO Bill alreadypublished inOffical Gazette? Presiding Officer refers the Bill to concerned Standing Committee for examination? NO NO Bill is published in the Official Gazette YES YES House where the Bill is introducedAn ordinary Bill can be introduced in either the Lok Sabha or the Rajya Sabha. Once passed in the House where it is introduced, it is sent to the other House for consideration. The Other HouseIn the second House, the Bill goes through the same process, except thefirst reading, in which the Bill is introduced.
Data used to create the above flowchart was obtained from official Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha websites on August 20, 2013 (updated Sept 13, 2013):

Additional information used was obtained from the following sources: